Is poverty the cause of nonattendance in schools and prevalence of idleness in children? A regional analysis of Sind

Sarah Abdul Rahim and Khadija Bari

First published: 6 November 2018


This paper investigates the extent to which poverty determines the activities of children in the province of Sind. A structured demand model is estimated using multinomial logit regression, whereby the effect of the variables poverty, mother autonomy and gender equality are measured on schooling, student labour, child labour and idleness. The results reveal that greater poverty levels negatively impact parents' decision regarding child schooling. Furthermore, higher educational gender equity and mother empowerment is positively associated with child schooling.

Keywords: Schooling · Student labour · Idleness · Gender equality · Mother autonomy.

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