Ethics in publishing

The articles published in a peer reviewed journal reflect the quality of the journal and the associated institution. It is, therefore, imperative that all authors, editors, reviewers and publishers conduct themselves in accordance with the highest standards of professional ethics and scientific practice.

Authors should refrain from actions that can damage the integrity of the journal. They should ensure that the manuscript has not been submitted to multiple journals. Similarly, they should not submit any paper previously published elsewhere, to the journal for consideration. The authors should honestly gather and interpret research data. Publishers, editors, and reviewers are entitled to request the author to provide raw data of the research for convenience of editorial review. The author should guarantee that the submitted work is original. If the author has used work and/or words by others, appropriate citations are required. Plagiarism in all its forms constitutes unethical publishing behavior and is unacceptable. The author should give due acknowledgement to all those who have made contribution to the research. Those who have contributed significantly to the research should be listed as coauthors. The author should ensure that all coauthors have affirmed the final version of the paper and have agreed on its final publication.

Declaration of interest and submission

All authors are requested to disclose any actual or potential conflict of interest including any financial, personal or other relationships with people or organizations within three years of beginning the submitted work that could inappropriately influence, or be perceived to influence, their work.

Authors are required to disclose papers published or under review in other journals that are based on similar methods or data. They must cite and explain how the current paper differs from these similar papers.


Once the article is approved, the corresponding author will receive an acceptance email and will be asked to complete the license agreement on behalf of all authors of the paper.