Becoming generous and respecting honor: An experiment based on donation and trust-game with multiple trusteesGulnaz Anjum · Werner Gueth
This research explores the reoccurring conﬂict of speculations and explanations among social scientists regarding why people do charity or behave generously. Our participants were 256 subjects, 34% males and 65.2 % females. Based on a donation task we elicit the most honorable member in a group of four participants. This participant receives a substantial monetary reward and recognition as the most generous donor in the group. An unannounced subsequent phase confronts the honor participant with the task of a single contributor in a best-shot trust game. Without knowing what this honor participant has contributed, the three other participants independently compensate the contributor. We view the contribution level as measuring honor and compensations as measuring respect of honor. With the help of these choice data and additional information from the initial phase as well as from post experimental questionnaires, we assess whether respect of honor reacts monotonically to contributions and how aspects deciding who is honored inﬂuence contribution levels and respective compensations. Treatments vary in the (non) linearity of contribution costs. In both treatments we ﬁnd that honor participants contribute generously to increase their group's welfare, even at the cost of their own proﬁt. Honor participants seem to care for their role and justify their entitlement to this position. Other participants reward respect to honor participants by compensating them.
Keywords: Honor · Trust game · Multiple trustees · Donation task.